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Lanjutan dari Bahagian 2

Haji Buyong Adil menyokong pandangan ini dengan menyatakan bahawa:

“Dan lagi pun kita tidak boleh hairan kalau di Temasik tidak ada singa dan pulau itu dinamakan “Singapura” kerana singa yang dimaksudkan itu bukanlah binatangnya, tetapi mengambil simbol kegagahan dan kekuatannya. Raja Shailendera yang pernah memerintah di Jawa Tengah, dan kemudian memerintah di Seri Wijaya pada zaman dahulu, juga menggunakan gambar singa pada jata kerajaannya, bahkan di belakang tempat raja itu bersemayam pun dihiasi gambar singa sebagai tanda kebesarannya.”1

Continue reading “Tunggak Pembinaan Tamadun Singapura: Raja-Raja Melayu di Abad ke-14 Bahagian 3” »

Lanjutan dari Bahagian 1

Sebelum melangkah lebih jauh, catatan mengenai sumber amat diperlukan bagi memaparkan metodologi kajian ini. Sejarawan telah banyak menimba manfaat dari pelbagai sumber Melayu dan bukan Melayu untuk memberikan interpretasi segar bagi peranan raja-raja Melayu di dalam membentuk Singapura. Tapi mereka berselisih faham mengenai isu sumber mana yang lebih utama. Bagi kajian ini, saya telah menceduk yang banyak fakta dari Sejarah Melayu. Meskipun ini sumber yang telah diketepikan oleh kebanyakan sejarawan moden yang menganggapnya sebagai mitos semata-mata, saya berpandu kepada optimisme pandangan penulis seperti R.J. Wilkinson yang menyatakan bahwa Sejarah Melayu “memberikan gambaran hidup tepat zamannya…..oleh itu ia adalah sumber yang sangat penting bagi sejarawan ilmiah yang lebih prihatin akan soal kondisi rakyat pada masa itu.”2 Pada hemat saya, tugas seorang sejarawan adalah untuk menggali fakta yang jelas dari Sejarah Melayu dan mengukuhkan gambaran tersebut dengan bahan-bahan yang lain. Antara sumber yang diperlukan adalah teks dan manuskrip di dalam bahasa Jawa, Cina, Portugis dan bahan-bahan arkeologi. Penggunaan sumber-sumber ini akan dapat memberi gambaran lengkap bagaimana raja-raja di Singapura abad ke-14 memainkan peranan yang besar di dalam mengubah pulau itu bagi menjadi sebuah warisan sejarah yang diingati dan dikenang oleh generasi akan datang.

Continue reading “Tunggak Pembinaan Tamadun Singapura: Raja-Raja Melayu di Abad ke-14 Bahagian 2” »

Pergilah tuan-hamba kembali. Katakan kapada bonda, bahawa kami tiadalah kembali. Jikalau ada kaseh bonda akan kita, berilah kita raayat dan gajah kuda. Kita hendak membuat negeri di-Temasek ini.

Termaktub di dalam Sejarah Melayu, kata-kata berikut telah diucapkan oleh seorang Putera Palembang, Sang Nila Utama, yang telah mengambil keputusan untuk meneroka ke sebuah pulau usang bernama Temasek. Beliau kemudiannya meletakkan asas pertumbuhan sebuah bandar pelabuhan di pulau tersebut dan merubah namanya menjadi Singapura. Ahli-ahli sejarah telah lama membahaskan identiti pengasas Singapura serta raja terakhir yang memerintah sebelum kemusnahan pelabuhan tersebut pada abad ke-14. Sesetengah ahli sejarah membawa andaian bahawa “Sang Nila Utama”, “Tan Sri Buana” dan “Parameswara” merujuk kepada raja yang sama, yang telah membina Singapura sebagai sebuah tamadun yang ulung. Pendapat lain pula berhujah bahawa ketiga-tiga nama itu merujuk kepada raja-raja yang berbeza yang hidup di masa yang lain.1 Walaupun ada perselisihan pendapat di kalangan ahli sejarah mengenai identiti raja Singapura yang sebenarnya, tidak ada penafian bahawa Singapura adalah salah satu pusat perdagangan yang makmur di dalam dunia Melayu semasa pemerintahan kelima raja-raja Melayu di abad ke-14.

Continue reading “Tunggak Pembinaan Tamadun Singapura: Raja-Raja Melayu di Abad ke-14 Bahagian 1” »

Parenting to Produce Great Muslims

As sons and daughters of our parents, we often tell ourselves how lucky we are to have been blessed with lovely people who had taken care of us so well. Our parents have sacrificed so much for us, raising us up, giving the education we need and would spent much of their time and energies to ensure that we become better than them. We owe our parents debts that we can never repay.

Continue reading “Parenting to Produce Great Muslims” »

5 Things Which the Malays were Known For in History

As someone who grew up in a Malay ghetto, I was always told that Malays could only be good in sports and entertainment. Well indeed we were but we were certainly more than just folks with impressive talents in soccer and playing rock music.

Unhappy with those things that were said to me by teachers and friends, I went on the path of studying Malay history. Years of research have taught me that there were many important traits and achievements of the Malays that we were seldom told.

Here are some of my findings that I hope would encourage Malays to dig deeply into our pasts. These points are meant to encourage us to read about our own history and do something for ourselves to regain back the Glories of Our Esteemed Ancestors, long gone but ought to be remembered. And yes, don’t forget to share this with as many people you know so we can dispel that long-standing Myth of the Sports and Entertainment Natives!:

1. Trade – Malays were masters in the realm of trade so much so that by the 16th Century, the Malay World was regarded by Europeans, Arabs, Chinese, Indians and other communities from all over the world as a place where wealth and great opportunities flowed unceasingly. Being Masters in trade meant that Malays excelled in the science of weights and measures, in mathematics and in navigation.

2. Architecture – The houses and palaces built by Malays lasted for many centuries, many are still in existent till today. These works of architecture and building were not only beautiful, they were designed in such as a way that there was proper ventilation and that men and women could have their own private meeting places. Privacy, being environmentally-friendly, having shared community spaces and sites for prayer were hallmarks of Malay houses.

3. Community Spirit – Malays were the most selfless group of people, unsurpassed by many other communities in history. So strong was the community spirit and so selfless were the Malays that their deeds impressed even the Europeans who were seeking to colonize them. The Dutch and Spanish were at pains in trying to invade Aceh and Mindanao because the community spirit in both communities were too strong for any foreign power to break the Malays apart.

4) Intellectualism – Malays were intellectuals who not only wrote religious treatises but also texts explaining cures to ailments and sicknesses. Building on the Hindu tradition of respecting knowledge and wisdom, the Malays mastered so many branches of philosophical and practical sciences upon the arrival of Islam in the 13th century. Many became respected scholars outside the Malay World in places such as Mecca and Madinah. The Malay World was transformed into a Hub for Learning – A Harvard of the East.

5. Subtlety – Malays are probably the most subtle people any traveller in history could ever encounter in his/her journeys. And that subtlety was borne out of high culture and a great sense of respect shown towards others, towards the environment and towards the Divine. Subtlety aided in maintaining harmony in the community and it did much to make the Malay World a place where one’s heart finds peace. Little wonder that when the Arabs and Chinese came to this part of the World, they seldom dreamt of going back home.

Now that we know what Malays were known for, let’s make this a talking point and a source of motivation to Make Us Great!